Photographs-Versus-Written-WordsPolicies and laws are essential in any country as they provide a roadmap that guides the day to day operations. Besides, they help governments to make comprehensive decisions that can restructure operations in the country and impact public actions, including families. The United States has a set of policies that are designed to cater for the working families. The strategies enable such families to afford basic requirements such as housing, food, and child care. The working families constitute different kinds of households that are headed by grandparents, single parents, or even those that have both parents. The main similarity that exists in such families is that they have members who are working but receiving low wages, which makes it hard for them to solve the needs of the entire household. Due to the challenges that exist when raising families, the US federal government has several policies put in place, such as the Housing Choice Voucher Program that help families have a supportive economic foundation.

Policies and laws are essential in any country as they provide a roadmap that guides the day to day operations. Besides, they help governments to make comprehensive decisions that can restructure operations in the country and impact public actions, including families. The United States has a set of policies that are designed to cater for the working families. The strategies enable such families to afford basic requirements such as housing, food, and child care. The working families constitute different kinds of households that are headed by grandparents, single parents, or even those that have both parents. The main similarity that exists in such families is that they have members who are working but receiving low wages, which makes it hard for them to solve the needs of the entire household. Due to the challenges that exist when raising families, the US federal government has several policies put in place, such as the Housing Choice Voucher Program that help families have a supportive economic foundation.

The policy has a significant impact on families as it allows them to afford decent and safe dwellings for their members. According to Bronfenbrenner's ideal of ecological structure, the settings in which children are brought up correlate with their innate qualities to impact on a child's growth and development (Dym, 2017). The microsystem used the model represents the most immediate settings in which children are nurtured, including their homes. The interactions between children and their family members contribute to the general development. For instance, when families are suffering from related financial challenges, parents tend to be frustrated, and they may take it out on their children, which may affect such kids psychologically. Likewise, low incomes may result in a lack of the basic needs that children require, and this influences how they grow (McClure, Schwartz & Taghavi, 2014). Therefore, I believe supporting the households through the housing program, saves families from challenges that arise from low earnings and this impact on the development of their children. The program allows for well-designed, stable, and safe dwellings that are convenient for the families

The policymakers determine the eligible families for the housing program by assessing the wages and the sizes of such families. The families that qualify for the program are supposed to meet the family size and wage requirements based on the region in which they live (Ellen, 2020). Families may wait for a substantial amount of time before their vouchers are granted. Nonetheless, the preference is usually given to families that live in houses that have substandard environments, high rental costs, and individuals who are homeless (Ellen, 2020). In this program, it is assumed that households that live in affordable and decent premises do not need support since they can expense comfortably for rental payments. Families eligible for the program are offered with diverse options from which they chose the most convenient dwellings for their members.

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The program has significantly impacted on society. Households have been assisted in dispersing to areas that have lower poverty issues, and this helps them to avoid challenges such as poor sanitation and lack of security. Besides, the vouchers issued grant families the chance to select less segregated vicinities (Greenlee, 2019). On the other hand, the program does not promote impartiality. The whites enjoy favoritism in terms of house choice and mobility as compared to the minority beneficiaries such as Hispanic and African-American families (Wang et al., 2017). Whites have access to an extensive range of urban environments, while minorities are more clustered in neighborhoods that have high poverty.

The Housing Choice Voucher Program substantially contributes to the wellbeing of families, especially low-income earners. Families deserve access to decent and secure housing, but this becomes a challenge to families that receive low wages since such dwellings are unaffordable for them. Therefore, with the support from the housing authority, families can access houses with better conditions that enhance the psychological and physical development of their children. However, I believe that the policy can be altered to eliminate racial segregation. Since the vouchers grant the beneficiaries access to different housing, the HUD should collaborate with the Congress to devise federal ban to discrimination against vouchers presented by minority families. As a result, landlords will be required to house residents that meet the eligibility criteria regardless of their race.

References

Dym, B. (2017). Ecological perspectives on change in families. Evaluating Family Programs, 477-496. doi:10.4324/9781351311083-26

Ellen, I. G. (2020). What do we know about housing choice vouchers? Regional Science and Urban Economics, 80, 103380. doi:10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2018.07.003

Ellen, I. G., Lens, M. C., & O'Regan, K. M. (2011). American murder mystery revisited: Do housing voucher households cause crime? SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2016444

Greenlee, A. J. (2019). Redefining rental housing choice in the housing choice voucher program. The Routledge Handbook of Housing Policy and Planning, 141-154. doi:10.4324/9781315642338-12

McClure, K., Schwartz, A. F., & Taghavi, L. B. (2014). Housing choice voucher location patterns a decade later. Housing Policy Debate, 25(2), 215-233. doi:10.1080/10511482.2014.921223

Teater, B. A. (2010). undefined. Qualitative Social Work: Research and Practice, 10(4), 503-519. doi:10.1177/1473325010371242

Walter, R. J., & Wang, R. (2016). Searching for affordability and opportunity: A framework for the Housing Choice Voucher Program. Housing Policy Debate, 26(4-5), 670-691. doi:10.1080/10511482.2016.1163276

Wang, R., Walter, R. J., Arafat, A. A., Ding, X., & Naji, A. A. (2017). Examining neighborhood opportunity and Locational outcomes for housing choice voucher recipients: A comparative study between Duval County, Florida, and Bexar County, Texas. City & Community, 16(4), 421-446. doi:10.1111/cico.12254

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