Historical-NarrativeThe idea of taking refuge in a new country has been evident and understood for long. Individuals who fled during the period of World War II, especially from Europe were categorized as asylums, alongside people from Bangladesh, middles east, Africa, and other nations following the era of civil wars. Immigrations come about as a result settlers from Western Europe shifting to American soil to seek a new settlement. Today, governments all over the world have stricter laws imposed on refugees and immigrants due to security concerns. People are only allowed to immigrate to a country of their choice after a series of documentation and approval of paperwork. While refugees resettle in refugee camps in the host country until they are safe to return to their home country, immigrants, on the other hand, must seek their settlement alternatives in their new settlement county upon approval. The United States provides a legal procedure for immigrants to apply for permissible residency and in time citizenship.

This research will focus on several immigration factors contributing to the decision to resettle in a foreign country. For a deep insight into the research topic, the study will include interview information obtained from an Asian immigrant who resettled in New Jersey 10 years ago. The study will include an analysis of the immigrant’s country and what occurs to the emigrants from this nation and their area of settlement in New Jersey. Additionally, the research will explore the interviewee’s experiences that swayed her to relocate to the United States and her perception of life in the United States. By considering the life experience of the immigrant in her home country and her current experience in the United States, we can understand how the interviewee perceives her experience in New Jersey as an Asian Immigrant.

According to Malik (2015), the United States over the past years has reported Asia as the leading country in terms of the resettlement of immigrants. As a result, Asia dominates in relocating to the U.S with leading countries such as Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Japanese, India, and others. However, the resettling of immigrants in the U.S not only services the plans of the immigrants but also the economic status of the host country as long as the immigrants adhere to the laws of the state. Emigrants come with different skills, diverse cultures, and a new approach to demographic and economic factors. While these diversity factors make them unique and resourceful in the job market, they help in shaping the country positively. The subject of my interview is a Chinese female named Yingtai, who willingly accepted to share her side of the story as part of this research project. She resettled in New Jersey for a fresh start in March 2009 after shifting from China due to some factors that will be discussed further in the paper.

Yingtai lives with her parents and other family members. She has been part of the American system from the moment the family arrived in New Jersey, however, most of her childhood education experiences are based on her home culture. Concerning the life experience of Yingtai and information from outside sources, the research paper will explore some of the factors that play a prime role in influencing Chinese immigrants to resettle in the United States. So, what is the reason that is pressuring them to leave? The collective factors that influence Chinese immigrants as discussed in this research include infrastructure improvements, political reform, pollution, education, and other personal or economic benefits. However, education is among the top motivating factors among Chinese immigrates. This is because most Chinese families are after a superior education system that can tap into a child’s full potential and prepare a leaner for better service delivery after school.

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Community Profile

Chinese history dates back over four hundred years with philosophy and art being included as part of its culture. The country has participated in numerous hostilities and has conquered and been conquered in some of the battles. Its population amounts to approximately 1.35 billion citizens forcing the country to introduce “One-Child Policy” as a population control strategy (Szczepanski, 2019). In terms of religion, many Chinese citizens are “Taoist or Buddhist” and the country's economy depends on sectors such as agriculture and industry. China has evolved under various leadership eras such as the “Mythical Era”, “Ancient Era”, “Imperial Era”, and now it is on its “Modern Era.” Mandarin is used as the formal language, but other common lingos include “Wu, Min, Gan, Hakka,” among others. According to Lewis, et al (2019), China is among the few countries that gained economic growth during the beginning stages of world civilization. Further, Lewis, et al (2019), adds that China remains unique based on its resilience and longevity in politico-culture lifestyle.

China is positioned in East Asia. It remains among the top principal country in Asia with the largest population worldwide. Following its isolation from the rest of the world, outside influences have played a limited role in influencing its flowering and enhancement of its unique culture. The country exercises a communist type of leader under the “People’s Republic” government with "Chinese Communist Party CCP" taking the lead as the top political party (Lewis, et al, 2019). Under the leadership of President Xi Jinping, the Chinese political force is tightly structured and controls all aspects and decisions in society at all stages. This is the body that sets and executes government decisions and the policies that govern the Chinese citizens with the help of approved government officials. Despite Chinese improvement in various essential factors of its economy, research from various sources indicate that the country has been witnessing mass migration, and the United States is the top destination for most Chinese immigrants. Education, depressing economic prospects, environmental pollution and degradation, and the socialist system are prime factors linked to the migration of many Chinese natives.

Education

Education is an essential factor in the development of any country. Chinese immigrants in most occasions transfer to the U.S to seek enhanced educational opportunities that operate beyond the cultural boundaries of their country. According to Zong and Batalova (2017), Chinese emigrants report advanced educational attainment levels compared to other foreigners and most U.S natives. Zong and Batalova (2017) further argue that many Chinese settlers apply to settle in the United States as international university students or temporary skilled-worker seeking university degrees. Later, they apply for permanent citizenship in an attempt to advance their education and work in the U.S. Many students that immigrate for education determination venture in fields such as engineering, science, technology, and math since they excel best in America unlike in China. Chinese immigrants seem to prefer the American education system due to its strict emphasis on tests and exams that challenge the potential of the students (Zong and Batalova, 2017). Supporters on the Western education system claim that the Chinese education style offers limited support to learners in terms of gaining education experience. This can be attributed to its education system that demonstrates superficial physical, and art education. As a result, many Chinese students prefer to relocate to the U.S for value-added education experience and skill development.

Depressing Economic Prospects

Occupation distribution is yet another factor that has played an essential role in Chinese immigration to the U.S. Employment demand for foreign workers in the United States has been strong on all levels of the skill distribution. The country presents numerous employment opportunities for both low and high skilled jobs and these factors act as the key pulling factors for financially challenged Chinese immigrants. The push is a result of various natural, political, and other internal upheavals that negatively affect Chinese natives. As a result, they resolve to transfer to a foreign nation that can support their desired life intents. Most of the immigrants change to the U.S to avoid unemployment or to make enough money and support families in their native country. The problem of economic inequality in China began to upsurge due to the rural-urban breach (Xie and Zhou, 2014). Even though China has made attempts to reduce the level of poverty in the country, government policies concerning development seem to greatly support urban residents while little attention is shown toward rural residents. As a result, many Chinese citizens, especially those struggling financially have been forced to shift to the U.S in an attempt to find employment opportunities and other ways to improve their economic well-being.

Environmental Pollution and Degradation

China has experienced a dramatic rise in the call of various essential natural resources such as energy, water, and land. Factors such as increased population and industrialization have resulted in the depletion of forest resources, resulting in overwhelming secondary effects such as species loss, desertification, and flooding. Household waste and industrial emissions are poorly regulated and have triggered air and water pollution causing environmental issues such as ozone depletion, acidic rain, biodiversity harm, and other environmental issues. Such problems have raised health concerns among Chinese citizens, resulting in social unrest and forced resettlement (Gao, 2017). Hence, many immigrants resettle in new countries such as the United States, in an attempt to safeguard their health and that of their families since environmental issues in China are prominent. However, this does not imply that the Chinese government is ignorant about these environmental issues. The government has and continues to do its best to ensure environmental issues are addressed for the safety of its citizens.

Socialist System

China runs a socialist system of government. Under this system of leadership, it is only the government that has authority over pricing levels and output. This implies that the government controls all means of production resulting in incompetent bureaucracy (Kurt, 2018). China has a strong government concentration power, hence influencing an environment where numerous political intentions override the citizen’s basic rights (Mallesons and Li, 2017). To escape a socialist system and gain economic dependency, many Chinese citizens prefer to move as immigrants to a country such as the United States that operates on social democracy. The American free-market system pulls many Chinese immigrants because they are given a right to own property and grow financially unlike in their native county where such freedom is restricted. Thus, various factors such as education, depressing economic prospects, environmental pollution and degradation, and socialism over the years have marked China as a country of struggle resulting in many Chinese immigrants moving to foreign nations. America capitalism society offers countless opportunities for Chinese immigrants since they can control their means of production as long as the process adheres to the legal regulations. Chinese immigrants in most cases are perceived as non-contentious and law-abiding individuals, hence getting an upper hand when applying to interchange to the U.S.

China runs a socialist system of government. Under this system of leadership, it is only the government that has authority over pricing levels and output. This implies that the government controls all means of production resulting in incompetent bureaucracy (Kurt, 2018). China has a strong government concentration power, hence influencing an environment where numerous political intentions override the citizen’s basic rights (Mallesons and Li, 2017). To escape a socialist system and gain economic dependency, many Chinese citizens prefer to move as immigrants to a country such as the United States that operates on social democracy. The American free-market system pulls many Chinese immigrants because they are given a right to own property and grow financially unlike in their native county where such freedom is restricted. Thus, various factors such as education, depressing economic prospects, environmental pollution and degradation, and socialism over the years have marked China as a country of struggle resulting in many Chinese immigrants moving to foreign nations. America capitalism society offers countless opportunities for Chinese immigrants since they can control their means of production as long as the process adheres to the legal regulations. Chinese immigrants in most cases are perceived as non-contentious and law-abiding individuals, hence getting an upper hand when applying to interchange to the U.S.

Immigrant Narrative

Yingtai was born in Hangzhou city situated in the “Zhejiang Province” in 1993. Hangzhou at the time was a top commercial city and the control center of the Internet industry. However, it included diverse business opportunities since it was a growing manufacturing base at the time. Yingtai reports visiting various museums in the region and opera theaters while growing in her native country. According to her response during the interview, her parents managed glossary, laundry business, and other small businesses that belonged to the family bloodline during her developing years. Her family was financially capable of supporting her and facilitating her education in performing institutions. Since her young age, Yingtai was keen on collecting valuable knowledge concerning English and made attempts to be a fluent English speaker at a younger age.

Based on her interview response she had a dream of one day settling in the U.S and advance her education aspirations in the field of her interest. Yingtai attended “The Qiushi Affiliated Primary School" until graduation before moving to other advanced levels in education. Her dream to be part of the United States came into existence when she visited the U.S as part of the summer camp during her elementary trip. However, despite her admiration for the United States during her young age, Yingtai knew she was too young to move to the U.S as a student immigrant. In 2008, Yingtai was almost completing high school education, and this was the time her parents were making plans to resettle in the U.S. for various motives.

Yingtai was born in a financially capable family with a higher social status, thus she had a privilege to acquire quality education. These circumstances played a huge aspect in shaping her current development status. Based on Yingtai's statement, her social backgrounds gave her most of her experiences and influenced her dreams to move to the U.S. Since her family was financially capable, Yingtai had the opportunity to work on her educational goals with complete support from her family. Without the influence of her family, she would not have visited the U.S at a young age or managed to live her young dreams as part of a U.S citizen. Her social background gave her the potential to form her value system and connect with other parts of the world at a young age. She states that her parents were involved in most of her daily aspects while she was growing and this created a big impact on her life. This helped in shaping her personality, knowledge base, and personal belief system and her social life. Her parent's social skills shaped her foundation in her ability to motivation and encouragement of social interaction.

Education is among the prime reasons why Yingtai immigrated to the United States, but other factors relate to her family’s motives upon settling in America. According to her response during the interview, Yingtai had a goal of pursuing her career goals in a foreign county, particularly in the U.S because of the county’s good reputation, especially its effective education system. Based on the interviewee’s response, the education system in China was okay, but she wanted a mix of knowledge and experiences as part of her education life. In the interview, Yingtai discloses that she wanted an education system that gave her freedom to define her future. The American education system was what she desired. In the interview, Yingtai admits that her home education system was challenging from elementary years, thus she sought after a different experience in terms of learning. American’s system according to her encouraged and nurtured free thinking. Thus, from her perspective, she saw an advantage in terms of personal and career development.

Other minor immigration reasons that Yingtai quotes relate to her parent's investment in the American economy considering their vast skills in business management. Thus, Yingtai gives insight in the interview that her parent’s economic motives also contributed to the resettlement decision of her family in New Jersey. American endless economic opportunities seemed more promising for her parents at the time as opposed to the Chinese market that had tight property ownership policies. In the interview, Yingtai explains that her country was operating in a socialist system that did not allow her parents to grow and develop according to their financial goals. Other minor factors that she states is the problem of environmental pollution and degradation that seemed to be a health threat. Yingtai states that air pollution as a result of human activities in the country was evident and the government was doing little to solve problems related to air and water pollution. However, education remains the top priority for her migration. The interviewee’s family moved to the U.S through a visa petition after an invite from her grandfather who had been a U.S resident for over 12 years. Later, the family applied for full citizenship which luckily the state permitted.

From Yingtai’s standpoint, moving to the United States is among the best experiences she cherishes. She explains that she was excited to finally relocate to the United States from the first moment she arrived with her family. Yingtai explains in the interview that her educational dreams had become a reality, and she was happy to start afresh with something new in her life. Improving her speaking and writing skills is among the first experiences Yingtai claims she embraced. Her parents enrolled her in an English class that she attended with other foreign students. She responds that she improved her skills developed fast because she had a good foundation of the language and she had good support from her family, more especially during the few months she spent with her grandfather. Making friends is yet another worth moment that Yingtai remembers.

She had met a few American friends when they first moved to their grandfather’s house before settling in New Jersey. The best aspect of this experience according to Yingtai was the various places and interesting activities they engaged with her new friends that she finds stimulating. Yingtai claims that the experiences exposed her to the American authentic style of living, amazing sweet food and culture. The interviewee shares that it was through these experiences she became familiar with Americans and their customs and habits. Also, family experiences such as going out together and spending time with her grandfather are among the most important moments for Yingtai during the first 4 months when they arrived. The interviewee responds that resettling in America is among the best decisions her family made because the experience exposed her to a bilingual lifestyle. Yingtai enjoys living new relationships while comprehending the American culture all the same.

The following life in America for Yingtai has been a positive experience based on her response. She states that resettling in America for 10 years has changed her entire world because the things she learned in China most of them do not apply in the U.S. She has had a chance to meet with other Chinese students that live in New Jersey, but her friendship circle includes more Americans as compared to other friends from other cultures. Currently, Yingtai is enrolled in Drew University for a master's program in mass communication and sound engineering. While in the United States, she has been involved with various charity projects as part of her experience outside work because she believes in contributing to the society that she is now part of.

Her parents are now successful business owners in New Jersey and Yingtai states that she has a plan to also open a small restaurant and a distribution business. The interviewee believes that she has good skills when dealing with business and she wants to use the knowledge to increase employment prospects in New Jersey. According to Yingtai, her home experiences and the love she had for the United States education and lifestyle has played a prime role in influencing her life decisions. In the interview, she discloses that she does not regret coming to the United States because the place is safe and offers endless opportunities if an individual has the right skill set. Her goal is to continue growing in her field of interest and show any support to her current community either through creating employment opportunities or being part of charity and community development.

In the past, tribes used to roam in an attempt to find food and pasture for their livestock. Later, the human race began to migrate to find fertile fields and better settlement areas. However, migration has not stopped since people still move to other nations for various reasons and China is no exception. The United States is among the popular country known to be the destination for many migrants from various foreign countries. This act of Chinese resettlement in foreign countries has existed over the years due to various factors man-made and natural calamities in the country. While some individuals might migrate for personal gains such as education and investment opportunities, some individuals migrate due to problems such as the climate, security, government regulation, unemployment, and other motives. The United States does not prohibit immigration, however, it has tight laws that govern this process. Eligible individuals across the globe can apply and resettle in the U.S and later apply for permanent citizenship. This study covers various immigration factors contributing to the relocation of Chinese natives to America in an attempt to seek better opportunities. The research includes a personal experience of an interviewee from an Asian immigrant who resettled with her family in New Jersey 10 years ago. The research helps to answer various questions such as why people migrate from their native countries and their experience in the foreign country of residence.

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Lewis, J.W., Wilbur, M., Twitchett, D., Elman, B., Chen, C.C., Dewoskin, K. (2019). China. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/China

Malik, S. (2015). Asian Immigrants in the United States Today. Retrieved from https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/immigration/news/2015/05/21/113690/asian-immigrants-in-the-unites-states-today/

Mallesons, W., & King, P. (2017). New Chinese Immigrants are Different from Chinese Americans and Proud of It. Retrieved from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/chinese-american-immigrants_b_58dd412ee4b05eae031df98c?guccounter=1

Szczepanski, K. (2019). People’s Republic of China Facts and History. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/peoples-republic-of-china-facts-history-195233

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Zip Atlas, (2019). Cities with the Highest Percentage of Chinese in New Jersey. Retrieved from http://zipatlas.com/us/nj/city-comparison/percentage-chinese-population.htm

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