abortionThe Supreme Court’s ruling of 1973 in the case of case Roe v. Wade, presented a significant step in the legalization of abortion across the U.S. before then, all states had made the practice illegal. The Supreme Court conclude that a woman’s privacy encompasses her right terminate a pregnancy while working in consultation with a physician to terminate her pregnancy; nonetheless, it does not stand as a right without its limits (Barrineau). Abortion an occur twofold including spontaneous abortions or miscarriages where the fetus dies due to problems like infections, physical abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, immune responses, and other diseases. In the other hand elective abortion occurs where the woman chooses to end their pregnancy within their first 12 weeks when done by a professional. Abortion should be legal in all fifty states after the age of 18 with counseling requirements before making any decision.

Even as the debate on the permissibility of abortion rages on, many factors are seen to compound on whether it is accepted or refuted. Nonetheless, many states seem to be moving towards an age where the practice will be acceptable across the United States due to the many legal decisions that continue to support it acceptance. One aspect that is strongly dependent on the legalization of abortion is teenage pregnancies. It is a critical issue for the United States health care sector as girls as young as fourteen years are getting pregnant (Donoghue et al.). By 2014, research indicated that the United States ranked among the countries with the highest rates of teen pregnancies with fifty-seven girls out of every one thousand being affected (Sedgh et al.). Despite the rates of these pregnancies coming down over the years, it still remains an issue of contention as they are higher than what is expected of a healthy society. Abortion represents a plausible solution for teenage pregnancies to a great extent. It offers these young girls the opportunity to make decision on the course of their lives. It provides a chance for self-determination as they can decide whether to keep the child or not. Gradually, society can recognize a difference in pregnancy rates between when abortion was illegal in almost all of America, to recent times when the practice was legalized. It seems like the practices is significantly contributing towards reducing the rates of teenage pregnancies in the United States. With many states having legal statutes in place allowing the choice for abortion, such strategies seem to be working well in helping decrease the prevalence of teenage pregnancies. It is easy for teens in nations with laws that allow abortion to make informed decisions on sexual health and pregnancies than those in countries with strict practices on reproductive health (Sedgh et al.). It is an indication that abortion provides teens with the opportunity to learn and be informed on matter of reproductive health thus become cautious on how they engage in sexual activity and this eventually affects the rates of teen pregnancies positively. It is a clear indication that when all states develop laws that support abortion, they would have enhanced a mechanism for the reduction and eventual elimination of teenage pregnancies. Even so, opponents of abortion view it as a practice that goes against religious.

Even as the debate on the permissibility of abortion rages on, many factors are seen to compound on whether it is accepted or refuted. Nonetheless, many states seem to be moving towards an age where the practice will be acceptable across the United States due to the many legal decisions that continue to support it acceptance. One aspect that is strongly dependent on the legalization of abortion is teenage pregnancies. It is a critical issue for the United States health care sector as girls as young as fourteen years are getting pregnant (Donoghue et al.). By 2014, research indicated that the United States ranked among the countries with the highest rates of teen pregnancies with fifty-seven girls out of every one thousand being affected (Sedgh et al.). Despite the rates of these pregnancies coming down over the years, it still remains an issue of contention as they are higher than what is expected of a healthy society. Abortion represents a plausible solution for teenage pregnancies to a great extent. It offers these young girls the opportunity to make decision on the course of their lives. It provides a chance for self-determination as they can decide whether to keep the child or not. Gradually, society can recognize a difference in pregnancy rates between when abortion was illegal in almost all of America, to recent times when the practice was legalized. It seems like the practices is significantly contributing towards reducing the rates of teenage pregnancies in the United States. With many states having legal statutes in place allowing the choice for abortion, such strategies seem to be working well in helping decrease the prevalence of teenage pregnancies. It is easy for teens in nations with laws that allow abortion to make informed decisions on sexual health and pregnancies than those in countries with strict practices on reproductive health (Sedgh et al.). It is an indication that abortion provides teens with the opportunity to learn and be informed on matter of reproductive health thus become cautious on how they engage in sexual activity and this eventually affects the rates of teen pregnancies positively. It is a clear indication that when all states develop laws that support abortion, they would have enhanced a mechanism for the reduction and eventual elimination of teenage pregnancies. Even so, opponents of abortion view it as a practice that goes against religious.

Noonan believes that the law has become extremely permissive of abortion to the extent that nothing is left for the fetus. The law only acts in the favor of one seeking the practice than for that which is aborted. It has reached a level where even birds and strands of grass in the park have more protection than the unborn child (Noonan). Many things considered to be below human life in the American society are given more importance and the right to life than a fetus that is five months old as required by state laws in Florida. Such believes add to the many reasons why some members of society are against its legalization. Even so, opponents further believe that even when abortion is a matter of choice, this choice is founded on personal values.

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People often have various choices on whatever issue that is affecting them and this includes the topic of pregnancy and abortion. It is one’s values, norms and beliefs that will determine the choice that he or she goes for (Harris and Mills). Those against abortion believe that one has the option to choose to keep the child or to abort it. The choice will depend on one’s conviction of which option is the best for them (Harris and Mills). In many instances, one values, norms and beliefs will overpower any legal requirements. This means that even when the individual is not allowed by law to abort, if their values allow, the individual will; and when the law does allows abortion but their values do not, the person will not opt for it. When one opts for abortion, his or her personal values and norms are founded on their personal gains and what they want for their lives without thinking of others. it is why it would be easy for them to choose to abort the fetus because their values, norms and beliefs do not factor in any aspects that surround the fetus and the probable life it could have had once matured into a baby. It could also be that one’s values, norms and beliefs are founded on what society expects of them. An unwanted pregnancy could mean harsh judgment from society and the eventual development of shame and guilt. One will opt for abortion to avoid this harsh judgment and maintain the saint-like image they have developed over time. Those against abortion believe that even when surrounded with such possibilities, one’s personal values, beliefs and norms will be the strongest determinant of the decision to keep the child. Personal values that are more inclined to the welfare of others will lead an individual towards keeping the child. Nonetheless, judging one on the level of their personal values, beliefs, norms and religious underpinnings overlooks the overall wellbeing of the baby when he or she is born.

Abortion especially when accompanied by counseling consent provides the opportunity to keep a child safe from an uncertain future especially when the mother is not sure of how they will raise their child due to difficulties in various parts of their lives. It presents one of the major reasons for why laws in many American states allow for abortion. These states have given great consideration to the ability with which the mother can raise their child and it would be necessary that the mother has the means to bring up the child in the best environment. It is why the pro-choice and pro-life debate on abortion is currently happening in the US. Those on the pro-choice side believe that those against abortion do not look beyond the baby being carried to term and being born. Carrying a pregnancy to term and giving birth, represent a small portion of a child’s life. Significant effort and resources are often geared towards raising the child and this is usually the most difficult part of the entire process. Even when laws force women into having children against their will, the life these children encounter is not favorable. Research indicates that many states with restrictions against abortion have the lowest indicators of infant and child well-being (Medoff). It is an indication that even when children are allowed to be born, the overall environment the child experiences including the parents’ economic ability, the type of family the child grows in, healthcare and education will be significant determinants of the types of life the child will live. An unfavorable environment will mean low survival rates for children. It is a clear indication that what those on the pro-life side advocate for does not go beyond the child’s birth. It is also a significant indicator that the rest of the states should follow suit in legalizing abortion as it will protect many children from unfavorable environment. Abortion also takes into consideration the health of the mother.

In many instances a pregnant woman may encounter medical emergency that put her life at increased risk. In some cases, medical practitioners will need to choose between saving her life or that of the unborn child. The mother may choose to save her life by aborting the unborn baby. Here, laws that support abortion with counseling consent work well in ensuring the mother’s well-being and helping preserve her life. States that restrict abortion legally put the mother’s life at increased risk and this eventually contributes to the overall well-being of women that have no legal access to the practice.

Overall, abortion represents a critical part of any healthcare system. It has been part of the American society for centuries and has elicited many heated debates. Many believe that it should not be legalized while others support its legalization. So far, fifty states have legalized the practice with reasons like the overall well-being of the child after birth and the health risks that a pregnancy presents for the mother. Those that have not legalized abortion base their stand on religious underpinnings, personal values and the overall degrading of the fetus’s right to life. Overall, women above eighteen years need to be allowed to legally opt for abortion with counseling consent as they view it to be necessary in the moment they opt for it. No matter the reason, the affected woman knows best why she opted for abortion and she outright understands what the procedure means for their unborn child.

Barrineau, Stacey M., and Elissa Howard-Barr. “Abortion.” The Truth About Sexual Behavior and Unplanned Pregnancy, Second Edition, Facts on File, 2009. Health Reference Center, online.infobase.com/Auth/Index?aid=17443&itemid=WE48&articleId=385735. Accessed 5 Nov. 2019.

Donoghue, Christopher, Consuelo Bonillas, Jeniffer Moreno, Omara Cardoza, and Melissa Cheung. “Young People’s Perceptions of Advice about Sexual Risk Taking.” Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning 17, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 73–85.

Harris, Richard J., and Edgar W. Mills. “Religion, Values and Attitudes Toward Abortion.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 24, no. 2, June 1985, pp. 137–154. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2307/1386338.

Medoff, Marshall. “Pro-Choice Versus Pro-Life: The Relationship Between State Abortion Policy and Child Well-Being in the United States.” Health Care for Women International, vol. 37, no. 2, Feb. 2016, pp. 158–169. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/07399332.2013.841699.

Noonan Jr., John T. “Abortion in the American Context.” Human Life Review, vol. 43, no. 3, Summer 2017, pp. 11–19. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=125447873&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Sedgh, Gilda, et al. “Adolescent Pregnancy, Birth, and Abortion Rates Across Countries: Levels and Recent Trends.” Journal of Adolescent Health, Elsevier, 22 Jan. 2015, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X14003875.

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