The old have been neglected since time immemorial. The aged has been under certain unfavorable conditions that are not conducive for their livelihood. This poses a threat to their health thus making them to be prone to infections. Since the elderly are at times less immune it’s most likely for them to be infected with small infections that later worsen to more serious infections or disease. With this, there is needed to take care for the aged as we learn on how to plan for the old age days to avoid the old age problems.
According to study done by Humber and Robert (67), some of the facilities that are available for the aged are always health hazardous as they might not be having the energy or the adequate capital to acquire more advanced and human suitability. These facilities include house hoods as well as some of the health services. If a policy regarding the caretaking of the aged can be formulated, passed, and implemented, many old individuals can benefit from it.
With the elderly neglect in the health system, there are rampant cases of deaths resulting from the various illnesses that affect the elderly (Vincent et, al, 107). Once the lack the access to medical facilities they end up being tormented slowly with the disease which afterwards results to their deaths. This is greatly bringing great losses within the country for most of the important personals within the society. They bring about the blaming amongst involved family members due to the lack of the ability to afford quality health services of their past aged relatives.
Lack of the affordable medical services for the elderly to have their access to be undergoing for checkups is also another leading issue to their deaths. The elderly may not be quit financially stable to undergo frequent or even the occasional checkups (Humber and Robert, 97). This makes them develops complications in their bodies but due to lack of the checkups they are diagnosed while too late to solve them. This is a serious issue as many of the aged are losing their lives.
The health problems among the aged is also a limiting factor to their economic activities that they would do if they are healthy. Most of them ends being nursed at home by their relatives which at times ends up being a burden to them. the lack of own investments where they would rather have some incomes is also propelled by the fact that they find it much difficult to facilitate them with their ailing and aging bodies thus surrendering from their investments.
Once the health facilities are not available for the elderly, there arise cases of lack of the elderly appreciation. Institutions that handle the elderly are in the high demands but they are nowhere to be available for the services. This makes the elderly to lack the appropriate care for their old age thus looking like neglected group. This makes it hard even to notice their illness or even health changes. Unnoticed changes are usually dangerous as they may be a terminal infection which ends up to their loss of life (Gupta, 29). In facilitating and avoiding the cases of elderly health hazards, various policies ought to be taken into account to curb as well as to prevent the cases of elderly health issues.
Free medical facilities policy
Medical help will be the first priority. With good health, any person can function properly. It does not mean that the aged should not work. Given the work they do does not affect their health, and then they can go ahead and work. Medical help can be provided at various health care centers in the country. The policy also suggests that some stations be established where this help will be available. The government has to be part of the project. Some drugs should be provided free by the central government and transported using government vehicles to different stations. This is to ensure that these services are brought close to the public for the benefit of all aged individuals.
The aged are eligible for free good health facilities in all public health centers and hospitals. This provides for ways in which the old will get health facilities in different centers. The old experience several health needs during their old age. Some come because of old age while others are brought about by problems such as poor diet and poverty. Old age is associated with various diseases (Gupta, 72). Old people who initially were drug addicts feel the effect during the old age. This will make sure that all the aged, regardless of their early life get free medical services in all public health facilities and selected private centers.
In addition, the policy would ensure that in the states that the old will be eligible for monthly health checkups at the health centers. These checkups are meant to ensure that diseases are noted at early stages and treated. Several deaths are caused by ignorance. Symptoms develop slowly, but culprits do not give them the seriousness they deserve. This results to serious complications that might lead to death if not handled early enough.
Finally, the article claims that these health services might extend to children living with the aged. These might be orphans or adopted children. This is to reduce the burden that the aged are left with due to these children that they live together with. The children at times miss school lessons in order to take care of their ailing aged relatives The sick will also receive priority in comparison to those in good health. The funds will cater for their hospital bills and other personal necessities. Some chronic diseases require technical treatment and should cater for of by the government.
Climate changes are one big challenge to the aged. Most diseases that are related to age are caused by unfavorable weather conditions. Cold conditions are not good for old age. They may cause respiratory diseases and end up bringing breathing problems. In addition, extreme hot conditions are also, not good for old age, they comes with various discomforts. This is also another fact that should be checked in details to come up with mechanisms that can be out in place to eradicate the cold problem among the aged.
Helping in Getting Prepared for the Old Age policy
The second policy is to increase understanding and awareness on aging issues and help adult people in country prepare for the old age. If people could foretell what is likely to happen in the future, they can work hard to ensure that everything runs smoothly. Preparing for the old age is the best thing a young individual can do. These policies will enlighten the young adults on the right way to prepare for the old age (Gupta, 83). Schemes such as pension schemes and life insurance are a few examples that will be provided in the policy for the benefit of both the aged and the aging population. Saving in banks for the old age is always risky. One is likely to withdraw and spend money that poses danger in the old age.
Social Income for the Aged
Though there is a social fund for the old in the country, only a few individuals benefit from it. This ought to be fully implemented in such a way that all old individuals in the country will benefit from the project. The fund will be distributed according to one’s need and financial position. This would be in the move to improve lives of the aged population by the provision of security income (Beers and Thomas, 29).
Just like Supplementary Security Income (SSI), the policy would come up with a social fund that will be available to the aged. This will mostly help the aged with low income and limited assets. With some cash at disposal, the aged can develop their own life as they can afford almost all, what they need. This means that all old needy individuals will have some income to spend after their retirement. This would greatly play a substancial role in improving their living standards as well us having the adequate funds to cater for their health problems.
Appreciating the Role of the Aged in the Country
Vierck and Kris (23), the other policy would be in the move to increase the ability of the old to remain active and healthy all over the country. The policy will also try to help the old live independently in their respective communities as they would be much healthier. Active old people are also productive. They help in national building and sometimes the breadwinners to their families. Health comes with joy. The aged needs happiness and good life. If they are unhealthy, they are likely to die at very early ages.
This is the reason why it is always important to check the health conditions of the aged and if a disease is identified, it should be treated immediately. The old can be encouraged through involving them in community development. Involving them in different activities creates a good picture to them. They feel appreciated and celebrated. They regain the power to be part of nation building despite their old age.
In most of the countries, the retirement age is 65 years. There have been notions to change this age as the old would like to work a little longer before they retire. This was triggered by age discrimination cases that were in reported in countries like Florida State. This policy tries to challenge the notion that age comes with problems (Lynn, 89). This policy intends to support the public and other private sectors in coming up with age friendly products and services. There will be several TV campaigns that will be doing the advertisements. Though such appreciation measures, there will be heath related initiatives for the elderly thus benefiting from the policy.
In most of the countries, there are no proper policies about the rights and privileges of the aged that are health related. The reason for this might be due to dormancy of old individuals living in the countries. They also might be less informed about services that the government should be offering to them. This policy should, therefore, enlighten them about these services which also include the health facilities and services for the aged. This is because; most of the aged have no funds enough to have their own health services.
The modern culture is very youth-oriented. Very few young people like being associated with the aged. It is, however, worth remembering that everyone will get old. Old age comes with wisdom, experience, and respect. These are some of the things the society should pride from the old people (Beers and Thomas, 69). The lives of people in their old life should not be miserable. It should be improved and that’s what this policy would try to do. Age is not a thing that one should be ashamed of, rather one should celebrate after attaining the old age. The young generation should be in the forefront in celebrating the aged. Even though this age comes with several challenges, care should be given to this group of people to make sure that they live a happy life.
Lynn (56), the policy would develop programs that will make life of the aged a little easier and bearable. As stated earlier, the aged have been neglected for many years. Though there are a few who receive old age services, these services do not meet the required status. This group is always left out as it is seen to contribute very little to different economic developments. This is, however, not the case. The input of the aged people is very important in any growing population. Their experience and advice to the working people can serve a significant role for economic development. The notion where the young generation lacks importance in the old age should not exist since they play a significant part that is irreplaceable. It is also worth noting that for a workforce to be fair, there have to be both the young and the old people. This helps both in decision-making and running organizations' day-to-day operations.
Implementation and Evaluation
Any plan is only good if it is implemented. These policies might not be beneficial if they are not implemented. Though their implementation comes with the cost, they will finally be of great importance to the old age. The policy provides for procedures that will be used to follow, direct, and monitor its full implementation by all stakeholders. This is not just a plan; rather, several actions will follow. The document only provides the guidelines that need to be followed when implementing the policies. Several actions will portray the way these policies will be implemented.
Annual and Semiannual Committee Meetings
First, the government's office, several state agencies, and committee are supposed to meet semi-annually to get reports about the development of policy implementation. It is the same meetings where different achievements and barriers will be identified and discussed. The progress will then be presented to the state leaders twice a year. Such follow-ups are intended to ensure that each stakeholder taking part in this policy will be answerable to the part allocated to him/her (Vincent et, al, 44). Taking responsibility is a pillar in any activity that involves a group. In the case a group of people fails in implementing parts allocated to them, the committee will decide whether to fire or retain them depending on the magnitude of failure.
Collaborations with NGOs
Various state agencies, the private sector, and local governments will also be included in the implementation of the policies. Joining hands with many partners will make the task of implementation a bit easier. Each partner will be given a role to play where a partner will be required to give a report after every one year. The private sector together with the governor's office will work hand in hand in the process of helping the aged have their satisfactory health facilities. Within the next few years, other partners will also been inculcated which would make it even easier for the policies to be implemented.
The policies put in it will be continually amended where important parts will be retained while sections that seem ambiguous removed. The policies are quite flexible though any amendments will be accommodated for any formulations. This characteristic is one significant boost to the implementation of the policies. This is because the aged will have the opportunity to give their feedback on how the policies are being implemented. If their views are evaluated and seen to be valid, they will be included in the policy but if they are not, they will be left out for debate. Through this, the aged would be able to give out their satisfying health levels thus improving their health standards (Vierck and Kris, 56).
Public administration is the best system that can be used to collect important information about people living in a given area. For the policies to be fully implemented, the government representatives’ offices will play a major role. The offices are in a position to identify the number of aged people in the state and the state they live in. The office can also assist in follow-ups that will tell the degree to which the policy is implemented.
The government ought to work hand in hand with the policy development committee to come up with a process that will be used to update the public on the achievements the team has achieved in implementing its goals (Vincent et, al, 58). This will give the public a green light on how funds released for the aged are utilized. The committee will also come up with ways of punishing individuals who are likely to engage in unlawful activities, in the project. Embezzlement of funds and lack of proper care to the patients will be highly punishable.
Training and Seminars
Marginalized aged is the most affected by old age. Counseling can work well for this group. These services will be given to them free. Any time an aged individual visits a health center for diagnosis and treatment will get free advice and counseling. The advice will comprise of ways of leading a healthy and stress-free lives (Jones and Owen, 67). They will also get advice on the best diet that will prevent getting various diseases connected to old age. Training and seminars are the best avenues where the aged can be counseled where they can also share their views and experiences.
The plan also be planned to extend to old adults who are almost getting to the old age. They too need good preparation before they get into the old age. Psychological preparedness help this group in fighting depression that otherwise might have occurred due to old age. However, this group might not benefit from funds intended for the aged. They will have to wait until they get to the age of sixty and above. There are the implementations that are the key features in improving the social and health lives of h aged which are; medical assistance, security income and advisory services to the old especially the marginal aged.
This will improve their living standards and create balance between the old and the young generation. The policies elaborate simple steps that will help reduce loneliness that is experienced by the aged. Befriending services, and grants from community members of the community. Some of the money collected from the well-wishers could be used to buy vehicles that will provide door to door transport for the aged. The policy also allows charity programs that will raise funds for the aged.
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Lynn, Joanne. Sick to death and not going to take it anymore! reforming health care for the last years of life. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press ;, 2004. Print.
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Vierck, Elizabeth, and Kris Hodges. Aging demographics, health, and health services. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.
Vincent, John A., Chris Phillipson, and Murna Downs. The futures of old age. London: SAGE Publications, 2006. Print.
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