Sample Dissertation Proposals
The disparity that lies between the average earnings of men and women is what constitutes the gender wage gap (Correll 1304). This difference is always expressed in median or mean wages or in terms women’s earning’s to men’s or even as the percentage of women’s earnings over that of men. It has been observed that women are more likely to work part-time than men, and that such part-time works generally pay lower wages (Hirsch and David 6). This therefore makes the gender wage gap for the full-time workers, which is generally used for this assessment, to contrast that which is calculated for all the workers. There also exist a variance in the pay gap based on weekly wages, and the gap based on hourly wages.
Juvenile delinquency is a problem that is getting out of control. Both the public and the government and other stakeholders are concerned that if it is not checked, a catastrophe is waiting to happen. Children are turning to crime at an alarming rate, they might have different reasons but they are still children in need of rescuing.
A society is guided by the elder members who bring forth their offsprings expecting them to learn their ways so as to continue their way of life. The persons so gotten are a representation of the elder persons' aspirations, pride and love. What is lacking in the current state of affairs are young individuals who are responsible enough to be considered fit for societal contact. A lot of teenagers commit a crime that lead to a jail sentence.
There are laws, personnel and institutions to deal with child offenders. Funds have been provided to aid programs which aim at delivering these children from destruction. This, however, has been met with an increased number of children not adhering to the laid down rules, thus many children being convicted of various offences.
There are many triggers of this type of behavior some of which are dysfunctional families, peer influence and lack of recreation facilities. The criminal system has failed to consider this group as a special group worth of monitoring. The methods used have not yet changed with the times and thus inadequate in fighting this vice. What needs to be done is an overhaul of the preventive, correction and rehabilitation systems. The family setup and the media also need to be critiqued for any influencing trait to this vice.
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Alltucker W. Kevin, et al. "Different Pathways to Juvenile Delinquency: Characteristics of Early and Late Starters in a sample of Previously Incarcerated Youth." Journal of Child and Family Studies 15.4 (2006): 479-92.
Meyer R. Jessica, N. Dickson Reppucci. "Police Practices and Perceptions regarding Juvenile Interrogation and Interrogative suggestibility." Behavioral Sciences and the Law 25 (2007): 757-80.
Rakt Van de Marieke, Stijn Ruiter, Nan Dirk De Graaf, Paul Nieuwbeerta. "When does the apple fall from the tree? Static versus Dynamic Theories predicting Intergenerational transmission of convictions." Springerlink 1 Sep. 2011
Blokland A. J. Arjan, Paul Nieuwbeerta. "Considering criminal continuity: Testing for heterogeneity and state dependence in the association of past to future offending." The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 43.3 (2010): 526-56.
Farrington P. David, Jeremy W. Coid, Joseph Murray. "Family factors in the intergenerational transmission of offending."Criminal Bahaviour and Mental Health 19 (2009): 109-24.
Hayden Carol, Gavin Hales,Chris Lewis, Dan Silverstone. "Young men convicted firearms offences in England and Wales: An exploration of family and educational background as opportunities for prevention." Policy Studies 29.2 (2008): 163-78.
Tulman B. Joseph. "Time to reverse the school-to-prison pipeline."Policy and Practice ,2008
Pogarsky Greg. "Deterrence and Individual Differences among convicted offenders." J Quant Criminol 23 (2007): 59-74.
"New York advocates see task force report as call for treating troubled youth." Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly 21.48 (2009)