Sample Book Reports
Antoine de Saint-Exupery is the writer of the “Little Prince” novel. The author is a French origin, aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneer aviator.
The Little Prince is a descriptive and humorous child character used in the novel thereby making the readers to conclude that the piece is dedicated to children. Unfortunately, the novel is not only meant for children, but also written to all persons at different ages thereby making it fit for both children and adults.
First and foremost, the protagonist in the novel is not the young prince, but a middle aged aviator. However, most readers often conclude that the novel is dedicated to children at first sight. The narrator outlines major problems that he encountered such as psychological that resulted into frustration when he was young and the practical plane crash that made him stranded are justify the fact the narrator is a middle aged aviator (Saint-Exupery and Howard, 2009). Moreover, the fact that protagonist’s father died shortly before their fourth bone sibling’s birthday and the instances of bereavement such as Saint-Exupery failing his examinations depict conditions that are not common to children. The “Little Prince Novel” is not for children because the stories in the novel are mostly meant to entertain those who are adults or grownups. For example, when the narrator satirized the adult jabs, this was probably meant to make the story interesting for adults to motivate them to continue reading the piece. Moreover, Beyala (1995) assertion that the planets that the prince visited were inhabited by foolish and narrow minded adults, drunkards who forgot the shame of their statuses, and businesspersons who continuously counted stars places the novel in the adult context. Walden (2003) further showed how the narrator described a person who mindlessly extinguished and relit a lamp severally, an arrogant man who believed he was the most admirable person on the uninhabited planet. These intentional illustrations in the novel imply that the novel is majorly meant for adults. At the same time, the romantic messages about the superior feelings above intellects, corruption of civilization, and the claim that children have wisdom makes the novel “The Little Prince” an interesting piece meant for adult readers and not necessarily children.
The Little Prince is not only a novel for children but also adult readers. The art of living and system of values are discussed such that the commonality of thought about these two aspects makes them common and united. In addition, Saint-Exupéry, Mortensen, and Howard (2013) assert that the novel is a complex tale that is composed of ambiguous information regarding a child with golden hair. In other words, Saint-Exupery’s narration in the novel “The Little Prince” can only be believed if the novel is read at different levels; such strategy would create the pleasures and imagination to the readers at all age groups. Saint-Exupéry and Chávez (2001) cite that in the twentieth century, the “Little Prince” was possibly the most appealing novel to both adults and children because it was translated into many versions.
However, the little prince seems to be part of both adults and the children because the novel is about a little child who landed on the earth from a star. It also outlines an airman who was stranded in the desert following the plane crash and sought to understand the prince’s secret. Saint-Exupery employs the use of poignancy hope and suspense in the piece of art (Beckett and Nikolajeva, 2006). Through the use of nation, the author managed to capture the attention of the readers; this is outlined by the narration that reflects how the little prince landed on the asteroid B612 where he met a number of people among them being the conceited man, the king, the accountant, the drunkard geographer, and the lamplighter. These encounters become a parable of human existence thereby reflecting the nature of adults. Similarly, the magic of the big snake makes the piece interesting to the readers.
Therefore, “The Little Prince” novel is a great masterpiece that is read different age groups and academics, both children and adults. This justifies the fact that the novel is not a children’s novel. It is a descriptive narration about a young aviator and a little prince referred to as the little prince. The piece is concerned with childhood, morality, friendship, love, hope, and the magic surrounding the humanity thereby indicating the risk of experiencing loss as people grow into adulthood.
Beckett, S. L., & Nikolayev, M. (2006). Beyond Babar the European tradition in children's literature. Lanham, Md: Children's Literature Association and the Scarecrow Press.
Belaya, C. (1995). Loukoum: The "little prince" of Belleville. Oxford: Heinemann.
Saint-Exupéry, A. D. (2003). I am the little prince = Je suis le petit prince. San Diego, CA: Harcourt, Inc.
Saint-Exupéry, A. D., & Chávez, E. (2001). El principito. México, DF, Selector.
Saint-Exupéry, A. D., & Howard, R. (2009). The little prince. New York, NY: HMH Books.
Saint-Exupéry, A. D., Mortensen, V., & Howard, R. (2013). The little prince. Boston, Mass: HMH Books.
Sís, P. (2014). The Pilot and the Little Prince: The Life of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
Walden, S. (2003). Whistler and his mother: Secrets of an American masterpiece; an unexpected relationship. London: Gibson Square.
Webster, P. (1993). Antoine de Saint-Exupéry: The life and death of the little prince. London: Macmillan.
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Weidman, S. (2006). Gifted: 1,000 gift ideas for everyone in your life. New York: NY: Perigee Book.
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1. Who is/are the authors of this paper?
This article is authored by American Dietetic Association (ADA) through authors Delores C. S. James and Rachelle Lessen.
2. When was it published?
The paper was published in November 2011
3. Until what date will this position remain in effect?
This position is in effect until December 31, 2013
4. Summarize the key points of this position paper.
The paper articulates the position of the American Dietetic Association. The paper argues that breastfeeding provides health protection and optimal nutrition for the first half year of life. The other key point is that breastfeeding with other foods from 6 months up to 1 year of age is the recommended feeding pattern. The paper argues that breastfeeding is a crucial health strategy for improving infant mortality, and assisting to reduce health care costs (Delores and Rachelle).
5. Why is a position paper useful?
A position paper is useful since it helps to articulate a position of an individual or an organization concerning a specific subject.
6) How do you think it might be used by a health professional?
This paper can be used by a health professional in different ways. A health professional can use this information to advice mothers on how to feed their children. A health professional will garner additional knowledge to be effective in his/her work.
6. The organization La Leche League is referenced in this paper. Go to their web site www.lalecheleague.org
What information could a new mother find on their website?
The main information is to educate young mothers on the benefits of breastfeeding.
Go to the WIC web site. What services are available for a new mother who meets WIC requirements?
New mothers are provided with Federal grants for supplemental foods, nutrition education, health referrals breastfeeding, and non-breastfeeding women, and to children and infants up to age five who are at a nutritional risk.
James, Delores and Lessen Rachelle. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding. American Dietetic Association (ADA) publication, 109.11 (2009).
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Review of the book Sula
Sula, published in 1973, is an award winning novel written by American author Toni Morison. The novel revolves around the lives of two African-American friends: Sula and Nel. The book addresses the controversial issues of racism, bigotry and suppression of African-Americans. Poverty, hopelessness and the different social conventions in the black community set-ups are the most pertinent themes that run throughout the story. The characters are in an emphatic search for the right way of life acceptable to the community.
Poverty and hopelessness are the explicit themes that run throughout the book Sula. The lives of the several characters in the book are remarkably engulfed in abject poverty. They have little or no money at all. This contrasts the towns inhabited by the white people. The people of Bottom town are extremely poor. Eva, Sula’s grandmother, has got some money because she sacrificed her leg.
Hopelessness is seen when people have to do with menial jobs. Work for African- Americans is hard to come by. Even the black people who should be the pioneers of social development have succumbed to hopelessness. For instance, Shadrack (who fought in the World War 1) is returns to Bottom a deprived man. He lives in the outskirts of the town and leads a life of self-denial, unable to come to terms with the complexities of the world. He is unable to face the realities of life and the various challenges offered. Shadrack is physically and emotionally drained from the war experiences.
The state of hopelessness is deep-rooted in the society. Local folklores have it that Bottom received its name from a slave owner who promises to free the slave and give him some piece of land on the bottom land valley. However, when the time comes, the slave owner is not given his share. Instead, he is given a piece of land on the hills.
Sula examines the different social conventions for families living in the Bottom. For example, Nel’s family believes deeply in social conventions. Theirs is a stable family. She worries about the direction her mom wants her to take in life. Rochelle, her grandmother, is a prostitute and the only one in the family who does not take the family conventions. Nel chooses to marry after high school and soon settles as a wife and a mother. In Nel’s world, women have no choice but to get married and settle down. This explains why she chooses to be married within the community.
On the contrary, Sula takes a different path in life. She takes the life of independence and disregards the norms of the family. Sula decides to go and explore life at the college. She follows in the footsteps of mother and grandmother. During this period, she has many affairs with white men. She lived out her days, exploring her own thoughts and emotions. (Morison 118). “She felt no obligation please anybody unless the pleasure pleased her”. Because of her education and cynicism, she is a society outcast from the start. It does not go well with people that she does not have a man, and children. When her grandmother, Eva, speaks, she is talking to her on behalf of the whole community. Eva rants, “Selfish, ain’t no women got no business floating without a man” (Morison123).
Racism and prejudice is prevalent in the novel. A massive division exists between the hill and valley areas of the Medallion. This is the author’s way of showing the implicit segregation that exists between the behaviors and lifestyles of the characters. It is no wonder that Nel worries about her mother’s mixed blood and lighter complexion. At New Orleans, uneven power dynamic exists between the whites and blacks. This becomes evident when Nel travels to New Orleans. Racial prejudice permeates the Bottom community. Black people are continually denied opportunities in the white neighborhoods.
War is an agent of destruction. Shadrack and Plum return to Bottom as mere shells of themselves immediately after the war. When Shadrack observes the National Suicide Day, it is inspired by his experiences in the War. He is constantly under the fear of unexpected death. Plum’s experiences during the war make him regress into errant behavior.it is no wonder that he engages in petty thieving and drug abuse. The economy of Medallion also suffers immensely during the war.
There is evidence of shame in the novel. The people of Medallion are ashamed of Sula’s actions and way of life. It is ironical that this behavior inspires them to change their conventional beliefs. After Sula’s death, the people are no longer embodied in shame; they are eager to emulate Sula. Helene is ashamed of being born to a prostitute. She rebels against her mother’s ways, and in the end she is overly judgmental and conservative.
The search for a right or wrong identity is also brought out through religion. The people who do not respect religion are seen as the devils in the community. Religion is used as a standard measure for acceptance. For example, Helene is taught not to follow her mother’s promiscuous ways. Nel also becomes more attached to church activities in her late adult life.
Parentage is another tool the author uses to embolden the people’s search for a right or wrong identity. Jude’s role as a father is questionable. He appears to have abandoned his paternal responsibilities. So is Wiley, Helene’s husband. His role as a father is quite distant. Rochelle, a confessed prostitute, is seen unfit to raise her daughter. Helene raises her daughter Nel in a strict and disciplined home. Her influence is evident on the choices that Nel makes. It is speculated that, in a bid to raise her children well, Eva sells her leg to get the money to raise her family.
The community is torn between following Sula’s modern ways and sticking to their conventional ways of life. Sula’s independence encourages them to explore life in diverse ways. She is rebuked at first for being an easy lay. However, the people come to change their ways of life in a bid to emulate her.
In conclusion, the novel Sula emboldens the search for the right and wrong ways of life. The author juxtaposes Nel’s and Sula’s upbringing in different family backgrounds to elongate the sense of search for the best identity. Sula’s family is famous for being liberal while Nel’s family is conservative on matters regarding the choices women have to make. In the end, everyone tries to live Sula’s life; big statements that change is inevitable.
Morrison, Toni. Sula. New York: Knopf, 1973.