The 19th and 20th centuries have seen a great transformation in the development of innovative and creative ideas. The major catalysts for such ideas include; appearance of empirical science, advanced computing, evolution of the knowledge economy, short life for products and universal education. Both innovation and creativity value gives it admiration with brilliance and intelligence. Innovation and creativity carry the notion of doing something different through the established new approaches and solutions with available information systems. Moreover, consecutive scientific and technological innovations encompass introduction of new products and services that have incredible significance in the society. Creative people swap between imagination and vision at one end, and an entrenched sense of reality. It essentially means breaking away from the present without losing contact with the past. For instance, development of electronic money transfer platform, development of new counseling techniques and technology practice management software in technology. Currently, the world is experiencing rapid economic globalization that has changed the economic arrangement and innovation trends.
Overview of the Information Systems Information systems encompass both software and hardware applications that enable people to exchange information. In view of this, the emergence of the information systems is largely associated with the history of computing. The history of computing dates back in the 19th century. Over the past years, there has been improvements in computer science that has led to the development of sophisticated systems. The systems are meant to help in solving the challenges that exist in the globe at any one time. It is crucial to observe that information systems are widely used in organizations and business to help in the management, processing and sharing data among various platforms. The systems have proven to be efficient and effective in the conduct of social activities around the world.
Current Use and Attitude on Information System Over the decades, IS has emerged to be an essential craft of the management to match the dynamics present in the modern business environment where everything is changing. A glance of enterprises' performance in reorganization efforts reveals that many firms have appreciated the importance of IS in the business processes. IS helps in the creation of business support systems that have aided in fast tracking of activities. Such creative ideas involve the use of new technologies where a company employs to work from outside on assignments that were previously done by full-time personnel within the office. For instance, IBM and Intel Inc. outsourced some of their functions thereby saving running costs for these companies. Creativity promotes the use of science, technology, art, culture and skills available for the social and economic development of the country through policy formulation, advocacy and capacity building. The systems within which an individual life has a great significance on the capacity to come up with new ideas. The development gap can be easily closed through identification of knowledge institutions, government institutes and companies (Hatua & Madalli, 2011).
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Information Systems
Some of the importancesthat an entity can get from using IS include a reduction in supply costs, enabling competitive pricing, establishing industry entry barriers as well as easing supply. Creating closer relationships, making the information the product as well as enhancing cost efficiency are other benefits achieved. Information technology is not just a crucial technique in outperforming competitors in the industry, but is also important in strategic management. It is crucial to understand that the structural trend of decision-making, information management, market government and business environment relations are crucial to the behavior of creative designs. The systems have enabled organizations to become more adaptable to change and have the capacity to respond faster changes in the business environment. Moreover, companies are able to identify opportunities that help in sealing loopholes in the operating cycles. The Value chain (VCE) theory examines the integration of the right designs and processes, which help the company in making decisions. It further argues that a company should be in a position to control the movements within the value chain. IS offer new business and management opportunities. It means they can be applied in gaining competitive advantage, facilitating new techniques of organization and management, development of new enterprises and improvement of productivity. For instance, the financial sector has revolutionized with many customers using electronic cards and ATMs to access their money through the creation of financial management system (Levitt & Dubner, 2005). General Electric Company developed a monitoring system that could show all the activities in every part of the company. Such a system helped in improving security and staff monitoring.
The Future of Information Systems
Whenever a new knowledge base emerges, new actors emerge as well who establish markets and relations that were previously not there. These knowledge bases are the sources and instigator of innovation as they govern the progresses made in sector’s systems. The process by which the innovation becomes diffused is said to have various uses in the main fields that develop and come up with innovations (Beynon-davies, 2010). However, there has been great confusion on the way handle and go about the concepts involved in innovation. The challenges of relying on the insight for problem analysis and decision-making are notably increased in the current fast-paced, highly competitive and innovative environment. One critical thing to observe in the future regards the high usage of web-based systems. It will continuously lead to the development of sophisticated systems that will solve a multiple of challenges. Further, many fields and organizations will continuously to upgrade their systems and processes.
The ability of the society to innovate is highly dependent on the systems of innovation are put in place, global market dynamics and the ability of the firm to exploit the existing external resources. Creativity requires an enabling environment where people can learn about the existing systems and ideas. While information systems have resulted in great benefits all-over the globe, it is advantageous for the policy makers to develop strategies that will minimize the risks emerging in technology. Building an elaborate innovative capacity requires supportive governance policies, stable macro-economic environment and clear understanding of the existing.
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