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Introduction.

This is a research summary on a research that was carried out to investigate the poverty levels of the people in the rural areas and urban areas. The research as carried out by personnel of ten members. The research was carried out throughout the counties of the United States of America. The research took one weak to collect the data, analyse it, and record it.

Problem being addressed and purpose of the study

The problem being addressed was poverty in America. It had been noted that the poverty rate in America was reducing but at a steady rate. This meant that there were regions where the rate was not changing. This was the problem that triggered the research. The purpose of the study was to find out which area between the two (rural and urban) has the highest number of people living below the poverty line.

Hypothesis

The hypothesis of the research was ‘there are more people living below the poverty line in rural areas than in urban areas’. This resulted to the question, ‘which area has the largest number of people living below the poverty line (Isserman, 2005)?

Methods

During this research, various methods were used to collect data. One of these methods was interviewing. We interviewed random people in both rural and urban areas. The interviewing process took us two days because we wanted to interview a good number of residents. We ask them various questions so as to get the information on approximately how much they earn per day, and how they get their money. The other method we used to carry out the research was sampling. We preferred this method because it would be tiresome and costly to use the whole population. So we sampled urban people and rural people randomly in samples of fifty individuals. We researched on the samples, and used the information from the samples to make conclusions about the whole population (Tukey, 1977).

Description of the subject

The subjects used in our research were people aged between the age of twenty eight years to forty five years. 75% of the subjects were male, while 25% were female. 51% were whites, 25% blacks, 11% Latinos, 9% Asians and 4% others. The subjects were from various towns, cities, and rural areas around United States of America. We distinguished urban areas from rural areas using the degree of development, and the population of the region.

Tools

During our research we used various tools including boots, heavy jackets, umbrellas and bags. We carried boots and heavy jackets because some of the places we visited during the research were so cold, hence the need to prevent ourselves. Umbrellas were important because some other places were rainy. The bags were crucial for use to put the thing we would need inside (Isserman, 2005).

Results

From our research, we found out that 70% of people living in rural areas were living below the poverty line, with 60% being women and 40% men. 20% of people living in the urban areas lived below the poverty line, with 52% of them being women and 48% men. These results made use fail to reject our hypothesis, and concluding that there are more people living below the poverty line in rural areas than in urban areas.

Conclusion

The research came up with results that were agreeing with the hypothesis, and it showed us clearly why the poverty rate was diminishing slowly. The reason was that there are a large number of people below the poverty line in rural areas. The research experienced one weakness, the residents sampled could be the only affected due to the sampling method used. This is because the research did not use the whole population (Lambert, & Barley, 2001).

The research was satisfactory because the information gotten, and the methods of data collection used make the data reliable in making conclusions. Therefore, there are more people below the poverty line in rural areas than in urban areas. 

References

Lambert, M. J., & Barley, D. E. (2001). Research summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 38(4), 357.

Tukey, J. W. (1977). Exploratory data analysis.

Isserman, A. M. (2005). In the national interest: Defining rural and urban correctly in research and public policy. International Regional Science Review, 28(4), 465-499.