ASEA is a political and economic association that entails ten countries that are situated in Southeast Asia. ASEA was founded on 8th August 1967 by Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Thailand. From that time, the members have increased significantly such that countries like Cambodia, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam and Brunei. (Fry 25-32).
ASEAN is covering a region of an approximate area of 4.46 million km², i.e. 3% of the whole acreage area of Globe, and has a populace of about 600 million individuals, i.e. 8.8% of the world's populace. The sea area of ASEAN is approximately thrice its land counterpart. In 2012, its collective nominal GDP had raised to at least US$ 2.3 trillion. If ASEAN were a solitary unit, it might be ranked as the eighth biggest economy on earth (Severino 17-18).
Objectives of ASEA
The objectives of ASEA comprise of the acceleration of economic development, social improvement, socio-cultural evolution amongst its membership, safeguarding of the territorial peace and firmness, and chances for membership countries to deliberate their differences in a peaceful way (NTI, 2014).
History of ASEAN
ASEAN resulted from an organization known as the Association of Southeast Asia (ASA), an association that consisted of the Philippines, Thailand and Malaysia was established in 1961.The alliance itself, nevertheless, got its establishment on 8 August 1967, after the foreign ministers of five countries –Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand – held a meeting at the Thai Department of Foreign Affairs venue in Bangkok. They then did the signing of the ASEAN Declaration, usually termed as the Bangkok Declaration. The five foreign ministers –Thanat Khoman (from Thailand), Adam Malik (from Indonesia), Abdul Razak (from Malaysia), Narciso Ramos (from the Philippines), S. Rajaratnam (from Singapore), and Thanat Khoman (from Thailand) – are believed to be the organization's Founding Fathers (NTI, 2014).
The driving force that resulted to the conception of ASEAN was that its participants’ governing elites could focus on nation’s building, the shared fear of communism, decreased conviction in or distrust of peripheral powers in 1960s, and a craving for economic expansion. This bloc flourished after Brunei Darussalam had joined ASEAN on 8th January 1984; just a week once gaining independence on 1st January (NTI, 8).
On 28 July 1995, Vietnam joined as the seventh participant. Laos and Myanmar (Burma) became members later on 23rd July 1997. Cambodia could have joined the bloc on 23rd July 1997 but was delayed as a result of her inside political fight. Cambodia later on 30 April 1999 was able to join, after her government had stabilized (Lee 24-39).
The Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) (In 1992) system was signed up as a plan to phase tariffs and as an objective increasing the competitive advantage of the region as a manufacturing base aiming at the global market. This regulation was to be an outline for the ASEAN Free Trade Area (Severino 13-17).
The basic principles of the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia.
The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in Southeast Asia was signed up at the leading ASEAN Conference on 24th February 1976 affirmed that in their inter-relationships, the High Contracting Parties were to be in line with the major principles like Conjoint reverence for the independence, authority, impartiality, territorial honesty, and state identity of all countries; the right of all these States to be leading its nationwide way of life free from exterior intrusion, treason, or pressure; Non-intrusion in the internal activities of the states; settling of differences or disagreements peacefully; refusal of the threatening or use of force; and operative collaboration amongst themselves (NTI par 4).
Fry, Gerald. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations. New York: Chelsea House, 2008. Print
NTI library, "Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)." NTI library. NTI, 2004. Web. 1 June 2014 <http://www.nti.org/treaties-and-regimes/association-southeast-asian-nations-asean>
Lee, Yoong Yoong. ASEAN Matters! Reflecting on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 2011. Print
Severino, Rodolfo. ASEAN. Singapore: ISEAS Publications, 2008. Print