Stress management is a term that refers to various techniques and psychotherapies that aim at the possible ways to control an individual's degree of stress, particularly chronic stress, often for the purposes of bringing improvement in that daily routines (Hardy, 1998). In this regard, the phrase 'stress' is used in reference to solely to the stress and substantial negative concerns, or grief in the lingo backed by psychologists instead of what some refer to as the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eustress" \o "Eustress" eustress i.e. a form of stress which has repercussions that are of help in one’s life. Stress brings about many physical and psychological signs that differ depending on one’s situational aspects. These could comprise of the physical health deterioration and the depression. The processes of stress management are mentioned as some of the pillars for a pleasant and effective life in the current life. Though life brings about many difficulties that can be strenuous in handling, stress management issues various methods of managing the nervousness and maintains general health (Somaz & Tulgan, 2003).
Stress entails some feelings of straining and excessive pressure. Smaller quantities of stress might be desirable, helpful, and even fit. Positive stress can help in the improvement of athletic activities. It is also essential in motivating, adaptations, and reacting to the surroundings. But too much quantities of stress nevertheless, might result to numerous complications in one’s body that might be of very much harm. Stress might be external and connected to the surroundings, but then again might also be brought about by any internal perception that causes a person to be anxious or additional negative feelings that surround the condition, for example pressure, uneasiness, etc., that they at that time consider stressful. People undergo situations that are stressful, or have perception on things as being frightening, whenever they don’t consider that their abilities for managing problems (stimulus, individuals, circumstances, etc.) are sufficient to handle the challenges they are facing. Whenever one thinks that the demands which are usually about to be faced by us exceeds our abilities of coping with them, we eventually end up experiencing significant levels of stress (Ogden, 2007).
Evaluation of the efficiency of different stress management approaches might be problematic, since there isn’t sufficient researching that has been carried out up to date. Therefore, the aggregate and quality of substantiation for the different approaches differ significantly. Some are taken as efficient remedy in psychotherapy, while others have insignificant roof supporting them and thus perceived to be HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_medicine" \o "Alternative medicine" alternative therapies . Most of the specialized organizations happen to be promoting and providing trainings in conventional or alternative therapy. There are many methods used in HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_modelling" \o "Scientific modelling" stress management, all having unique explanations regarding the appliances for managing stress. More study is essential to give a better understanding on what mechanism actually operates and is more efficient in practice (Schultz, 2010).
Meditation triggers some biochemical and physical alterations in the human body jointly called the "relaxation responses". Relaxation responses comprise of the alterations in digestion, heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure and mind chemistry. The mankind’s nervous system is made up of the parasympathetic structure, that is meant for the regulation of the heart beat rates, respiration and various reflex motor activities, and sympathetic systems that arouse the body, making it prepared it for dynamic activities (Schultz, 2010).
It is also perceived that particular examples of meditation could function by minimizing the activities in the sympathetic nervous systems as well as improving activity in the parasympathetic nervous systems or similarly, that meditation brings about a reduced stimulation and increased relaxations. Meditation enhances gray matter in particular parts of the brain and might end up slowing down the weakening of the brain as a way of the natural aging procedures. Studies have shown that those who were meditating have an improved thickness in their gray matter in their brains. The grey matter is accountable of devotion and procession of sensory input. It has been studied that the alterations in the thickness of brain is related on the quantity of time used while meditating. The growth in thickness can range from .004 to .008 inches (i.e. 0.1016mm – 0.2032mm) (Schultz, 2010).
In this method of stress management, people hold stretches as a method of low-effect physical application, and is usually applied in the therapeutic dedications. Yoga can be carried out inside classes and might entail meditations, imagery, breath works and melody.
Meditation and the exercising aspects of hatha yoga are been studied for the specific and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-specific_symptom" \o "Non-specific symptom" non-specific medical welfares. Hatha yoga has been researched to be a remedy for various situations, such as the back pains, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_management" \o "Stress management" stress es, and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_depressive_disorder" \o "Major depressive disorder" depression . Generally, it is essential in improving the quality of one’s life, but doesn’t treatment for diseases. Hatha Yoga might be efficient for a patient who is managing depression. Exercises and the mindfulness meditations aspects might be of help. Hatha Yoga has been associated with a more considerable reduction in the nervousness and greater development in the patient’s moods as compared to those who just walked. Therefore, Hatha Yoga can be a probable therapeutic process for those who have particular disorders. Also, Hatha Yoga might be efficient as one manages the chronic, though not severe, low back pains. Hatha Yoga treatment is effective for the chronic low back pains (Hardy, 1998).
The mind might have effect on the body and one’s body might end up affecting one’s mind. Since it is a crucial growth in the medical sector structures to have an understanding in these relations, spirituality concept comes into consideration. Spiritual insight is similarly if not more vital in the healing, since an individual's sense of self, beliefs in one’s life meaning or determination, and their relation to something better than their personal self might make them healed, have health, and be well. Most of the divine teachers direct believers to be at one with themselves, or their God or higher powers, and to have a small heaven on this earth. Practices including the prayers, meditations, and relaxation are also being used in the achievement of superior powers, peace, and internal wisdom (Schultz, 2010).
Prayers, meditations and relaxation might trigger the relaxation responses - they lower the heart rates and breathing rates and reduce the hormones that trigger stress. These routines have also being used in the lowering of nervousness, stress, sadness, physical and passionate pains. One’s relationship with the spirits, whatever one’s philosophies, might reinforce one’s vigor and vibrant living forces; this might facilitate one’s abilities of staying well and recovering from diseases. One’s beliefs are vital to the abilities of getting better, staying well, or making peace amid the challenges of the circumstances. The gesture effects are usually appreciated by the medical studies whenever an individual has developments that can’t be attributed to the 'intervening' aspects of spiritualism, but might come from the individual's beliefs that could eventually be of assistance to the person (Schultz, 2010).
Whether one’s stress is increasingly getting out of control or one has already gotten it in control, one might have some benefits understanding the relaxation practices. To learn fundamental relaxation practices is simple. Relaxation procedures also are usually free or of lower expenses, projects minimal risk, and could be carried out at any place (Hardy, 1998).
Whenever on is faced with many tasks and tasks or the difficulties of diseases, relaxation tactics might help reduce stress. The practice of relaxation could help in reducing stress since it slows one's heart rate, lowers blood pressure, slows one's breathing rate, reduces activities of stress hormones, increases blood circulation to main muscles, reduces muscular tensions and chronic pain, improves attentiveness and temperament, lowers fatigue, reduces fury and frustrations and boosts poise of handling problems. However, one is required to have an optimistic attitude in life whenever undergoing through these solutions. One should always be looking for fun, problem-solving, management of time, doing exercises, having sufficient sleep, and to reach out to their allies and family members who are supportive (Hardy, 1998).
In conclusion, stress can be treated by application of Yoga, spiritualism, relaxation techniques and meditation. However, everyone is advised to have a positive thinking regarding the current and future life. But, there isn't clear proof on the correlation between having a reach to the friends who are supportive to the reduction of stress. Therefore, this call for a future research on this matter since it could be economical and essential to the health of the society.
Hardy, S. (1998). Occupational Stress: Personal and Professional Approaches. United
Kingdom: Stanley Thornes ltd. pp. 18–43.
Ogden, J. (2007). Health Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill, pages 281-282
Schultz, D. (2010). Psychology and work today. New York: Prentice Hall. p. 374.
Somaz, W., & Tulgan, B. (2003). Performance Under Pressure: Managing Stress in the
Workplace. Canada: HRD Press Inc.p 7-8
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