Law Essay Sample-Trial and Conviction

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            Al Capone was an American gangster that was born in Brooklyn which is located in New York a later moved to Italy as immigrants.  In his early age while still in school, Capone was involved in various gang activities after being expelled from school where he could acquire knowledge. At the tender age of fourteen, Al Capone was involved in various criminal activities. This is actually different from the normal human life. This is for the reason that a child of fourteen years should not be exposed to crime. He was later arrested and charged with tax evasion that led to his eleven year of imprisonment. This made him to become unpopular and to become confused because of the severe syphilis that attacked his mental heath.

Amateur Criminal in Brooklyn’s Five Points Gang and the notorious scarring of his face

            While in Brooklyn in New York, Al Capone formed a group that made it very possible for him to commit criminal activities in the entire society. He created a strong gang that was fully loaded with all the readily available material[2]. The gang comprised of five members, Al Capone being the gang leader. Through his command, various criminal activities would be committed. However, the gang performed their illegal transaction without being noticed. This was until Saint Valentine's Massacre when they were well recognized to the other members of the community. 

Move to Chicago and how prohibition and bootlegging led to his rise

            In the early twenties of his life, Al Capone decided to move to Chicago so that he could accomplish some illegal businesses. This was a very open opportunity for Al Capone to make more money since various businesses in Chicago were under probation. At first Al Capone decided to smuggle alcohol into the city of Chicago and purchase it at a very high price. This made him to make huge profitable return since he was the only one selling the alcohol. Al Capone was also able to make more money since he did not face any form of competition from the other alcohol suppliers. He also took advantage and increased the price because of the fact that he was the only one selling the alcohol product to the people[3].

            In the entire city of Chicago, Al Capone was the only person who was supplying alcohol to the people. This made the entire Chicago city to become very familiar with Al Capone since he was the only one dealing with the selling of the illegal alcohol. After the alcohol business had prospered, Al Capone decided to indulge into other businesses that actually brought profit to the money that he received. For instance, Al Capone decided to deal with a group of government in undertaking his business. This made it very possible for him to continue supplying the alcohol with much ease. This was for reasons that the government officials gave him the permission of undertaking the alcohol transactions.

            Through bribery of the government officials, Al Capone was able to transport the alcohol from one state to another without much suspicion. The government officials were also very vital in the business since they used to defend Al Capone incase he was apprehended by the police. Through the connection with the government officials, Al Capone become popular since almost all activity in Chicago he was involved. He becomes very famous in the entire city majorly because he offered aid to the less fortunate in the community.

            This made him to become a public figure encompassed with the virtue of leading the other members of the society. The fame was also very essential since he could be very easier to identify Al Capone. Since the money that Al Capone was making, he uses some of it for charitable options in the children’s homes.  This made him to become very popular to the local people who actually felt the donations that were received from Al Capone. This earned enough respect to Al Capone and popularity thus making it very simple for the job complications[4].

Advancement into gambling and prostitution rings

            Al Capone was able to advance into the business of gambling and prostitution because of the money that he earned from the business. Since the businesses were termed as being illegal, almost all the people had refrained from taking part in such businesses[5]. This gave Al Capone a no competition zone thus he was able to conduct the business on his own. The large sums of money that he was able to gain from the business he used it to invest. Some of the remaining money he used it to ensure that the less fortunate in the community were also assisted. This is what made Al Capone to be famous and popular during his time. Another factor that made Al Capone to flourish in the business of gambling and prostitution is the fact that he bribed the government officials. This was like security to him since in all the mistakes that Al Capone was found committing he was not arrested. This was because of the fact that even the government officials were also part of his businesses.

Media portrayal as a hero and the glorification of criminals

            Since Al Capone made a lot of money from the illegal businesses without the concept of the other members of the society, he made huge sums of money. He used the money in various ways to benefit the community so that he could gain the favor of the people[6]. In most cases, he would give contributions to the community to ensure that all the people were comfortable. This made the media to recognize him to the society as being a hero since he aided the community in various ways. This also raised a few questions concerning his criminal activities.   

The infamous St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

            This is the day that made Al Capone become well identified to the people because of his wrong reputation that he had towards the society. Before the occurrence of the incident, Al Capone was known to be a very good person that actually contributed to the development of the society[7]. This was done through the various contributions in form of money that he offered to the society. However, during the Saint Valentine's Massacre, Al Capone killed seven rivals that were actually in an opposite gang. The killings occurred in the streets thus making it open to the entire society. This made the people to truly know that Al Capone was a criminal.

Eliot Ness Investigation

            After the government realized that Al Capone was committing various different criminal activities, an investigation was subjected to him by the Bureau of Prohibition. The agent in charge Ness Eliot conducted the investigation so the various businesses that Al Capone managed. This was mainly foe the main reason that he might obtain an assurance of the prohibition violation. After Al Capone realized that they had sent agent Ness Eliot to investigate into his business, Capone wanted to bribe. This was for the main reason that agent Eliot Ness would accept the money and give false results from the investigation.

            However, the Bureau of Prohibition realized the trick and changed the agent so that another agent was handed the investigation. Wilson Frank was the one who was assigned the duty to carry out the investigation. The results of the investigation found Capone guilty of income tax violation that the government decided that he would be convicted. This was shocking to Al Capone since he knew that he could be sentenced to jail for the wrongs that he has been committing. When sentenced to court, Al Capone decides to bribe the judges but unfortunately the government realizes. The jury of judges is altered. This actually was the end of Al Capone since he was sentenced to eleven years of imprisonment. 

Why he was only charged with tax evasion

            Al Capone was charged with tax evasion because his business were conducted as illegal businesses that evaded the government inspection. Since Al Capone conducted various businesses that were illegal, he was unable to pay tax which is needed by the government. Al Capone was able to make huge profits in the diverse businesses that he conducted while he avoided the government tax. When his criminal activities were discovered, Al Capone was charged of tax evasion. This is what led to the collapse of Al Capone since he was found guilty. He was imprisoned for a total duration of eleven years[9].

Loss of power and destruction by syphilis

            While still a young boy, Al Capone conducted syphilis which was not well treated thus remained to be a permanent problem to his health. This is for the main reason that when he would over strain, he would feel the pain thus reducing the energy that he would use to conduct a given task[10]. The syphilis later in life developed into serious problems that actually affected his brains. He started being confused and perplexed especially after the release from the imprisonment of a total duration of eleven years. This made him to loss hi s memory that he would not remember the basic aspects of life.

            Even after his release from the prison, he tries to figure out the members of his gang but he is totally confused. He even forgets his basic needs because of the poor memory that he developed from the effect of syphilis. He is further disturbed by the fact that his legacy is abruptly lost after the eleven years of imprisonment. The entire society that once praised him and made him popular no longer recognized him at all. This makes Al Capone to even suffer more because of the lack of support.

Final analysis and conclusion

            Al Capone is has been ranked as one of the most stubborn criminal person that America has ever had in all time. This is fore the main reason that he is involved in various criminal activities and even involves government official. For instance, in his illegal purchase of alcohol in Chicago, Al Capone decides to bribe some government officials[11]. This makes it very difficult for him to be apprehended by the police. In any incident that Al Capone would be apprehended, he would be protected by the government officials who would order for his release. This move increased the sell of the illegal alcohol in Chicago and yet it was prohibited.

            In the year 1931, Al Capone was charged of income tax evasion and other violations that he committed concerning the Volstead Act. After several court summons, Al Capone was found guilty hence he was imprisoned for a total of eleven years in the Atlanta united states penitentiary[12]. In the prison, Al Capone was still able to have various privileges that differentiated him from the other inmates. However, he was later transferred for a short duration of time to the Lincoln Heights Jail. In 1934 on 11th of August, he was later transferred to the Alcatraz prison where tight security was offered and minimum visitation was implemented. This conquered Al Capone since his legacy and power was reduced by the isolation from the rest of the community. However, Al Capone was able to serve for the specified duration of eleven years in the prisons. Although he suffered serious injuries and mental problems because of neurosyphilis that he had conducted when still a child. After his release, Capone tried to regain his gang power but was unable since he has mental illness. He later died because of stroke as he was being administered in the hospital from his home in Miami Beach, Florida. 

Bibliography

Eig, J, 2010, Get Capone: the secret plot that captured America's most wanted gangster,   Cambridge: Simon and Schuster.

Barrett, E., & Mingo, J, 2002, Al Capone Was a Golfer: Hundreds of Fascinating Facts from the World of Golf, Michigan: Conari Press.

Capone, D, 2010, Uncle Al Capone, New Jersey: Recaplodge LLC.

Hendley, N, 2010, Al Capone: Chicago's King of Crime, London: Five Rivers Chapmanry.

Lorizzo, L, 2003, Al Capone: a biography, Greenwood biographies, New York: Greenwood         Publishing Group.

Pasley, F, 2004, Al Capone: The Biography of a Self-Made Man, Chicago: Kessinger Publishing

            Schoenberg, R, 1993, Mr. Capone, Washington DC: Harper Collins.

Watts, L, 2007, Encyclopedia of American folklore, Facts on File library of American literature, New York: Infobase Publishing, 2007.


 

[3] Watts, L, 2007, Encyclopedia of American folklore, Facts on File library of American literature,      New York: Infobase               Publishing, 2007

[4] Eig, J, 2010, Get Capone: the secret plot that captured America's most wanted gangster,    Cambridge: Simon and Schuster

[5] Capone, D, 2010, Uncle Al Capone, New Jersey: Recaplodge LLC

[6] Barrett, E., & Mingo, J, 2002, Al Capone Was a Golfer: Hundreds of Fascinating Facts from the      World of Golf, Michigan:       Conari Press

[7] Watts, L, 2007, Encyclopedia of American folklore, Facts on File library of American literature,      New York: Infobase               Publishing, 2007

[8] Lorizzo, L, 2003, Al Capone: a biography, Greenwood biographies, New York: Greenwood Publishing Group

[9] Lorizzo, L, 2003, Al Capone: a biography, Greenwood biographies, New York: Greenwood Publishing Group

[10] Lorizzo, L, 2003, Al Capone: a biography, Greenwood biographies, New York: Greenwood Publishing Group

[11] Hendley, N, 2010, Al Capone: Chicago's King of Crime, London: Five Rivers Chapmanry

[12] Eig, J, 2010, Get Capone: the secret plot that captured America's most wanted gangster, Cambridge: Simon and Schuster 

[13] Watts, L, 2007, Encyclopedia of American folklore, Facts on File library of American literature, New York: Infobase   Publishing, 2007

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