India is a nation that lies away from the rest of Asia. The continental wall of Himalayas separates it from Asia. The country is a large beak that is between Indonesia and Africa. India is the second largest nation across the globe. The physical location of the country makes it suitable agriculture. The agricultural sector in the country generates significant income to the nation’s revenue. The agricultural products include; livestock, sugarcane, tea, oilseed, rice, wheat, dairy products and cotton. In addition, the geographic location and climate influences other service sectors such as textile, steel, petroleum, cement and food production (Briney, 2011).
The climate in India is mainly tropical. According to Becken 2010, the nation is also popular for its different climate characteristics. There are various climatic regions that include; the tropical semi-arid steppe, mountain climate, drought that mainly occurs in Haryana, Gujarat and Rajasthan, moist subtropical with winter, tropical Savannah and rainforest. The types of rainfall include; areas that receive heavy rainfall, comparatively heavy rain, low precipitation and very little rainfall. However, the current global climate changes have also had negative effects on India. For example, the Ganges, Indus and the Brahmaputra runoff river systems contribute approximately 60% to the India’s main water streams. However, the water supply within the country is likely to decrease as a result of global warming. In addition, the increase in temperatures will affect agricultural produce in the country. India produces a third of the world’s tea. Nevertheless, the climate changes have caused the tea to dry. Therefore, the climatic changes are likely to negatively influence tea export in India (Becken, 2010).
India is the world’s largest democratic nation. According Darlington, 2012 the president is the head of state. The president has the power to return a Bill in parliament for reconsideration. The system also has a legislative branch, which has about 530 members. The lower and upper houses share powers except in money matters where the upper house has more powers. The judiciary branch is also within the system and it consists of about 26 judges (Darlington, 2012). Politics in India are relatively stable. Political stability in a country influences its investments and economic growth. According to Biswas 2012 the current bad politics in India are a limitation to the fulfillment of India’s economic potential. However, the writer states that India is a corrupt nation whose leaders seek to gratify their selfish nature. Despite the oppression of the poor in India and increase in corruption the nation still enjoys economic stability (Biswas, 2012).
India is a nation of many languages. According to Oracle ThinkQuest 2013 India has fifteen national languages that are within the country’s constitution and the languages are spoken in more than 1600 dialects. The main official language is Hindu. However, English still remains as the nation’s official work language (Oracle ThinkQuest, 2013). Language is an asset in businesses as it helps the prospects communicate. Kumar 2011 states that despite of India’s use of English as its official language individuals who wish to invest in the country need to understand certain cultural cues that relate with the Indian communication. Nevertheless, India’s diverse languages and proficiency in English encourage investments (Kumar, 2011).
According to the Census of India (2011) religion in India provides a good scope of social richness as many religions across the globe came from this country. In addition, religion that had foreign origins have also done well in India. The most common religions in India include; Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Muslims, Hindus, Christians among others. Religion plays an important role in India’s economy, culture and society. Therefore, within the nation religious business ceremonies are common (Census of India, 2011).
India’s population is one of the largest in the world with 1,241,491,960 inhabitants. The population in India comes second after China. The total of males in India is approximately 655.8 million and a total of 614.4 million females. 50 per cent of the nation’s current population is between zeros to twenty five years. In addition, about fifty one births take place in a minute in India. Every year the population in India increases than any other nation in the world. The country’s inhabitants represent approximately 18 per cent of the world’s total population. Therefore, this means that for every six people on the planet one person is a resident of India (Population of India 2013, 2013).
India’s Gross Domestic Product grew with an average of 1.3 per cent in the last quarter of 2012. Since the year 1996 to 2012 the country’s GDP grew at an average of 1.6 per cent. However, in 2003 the rates grew to a high average of 5.8 and a low of -1.7 in the first quarter of 2009. The Gross Domestic Product in India measures the seasonal changes in the value adjustments of services and goods of the Indian economy for every quarter. 60 percent of the nation’s GDP comes from; trade, transport and communication, insurance, bank systems, real estates, personal and social services, and from community businesses (Trading Economics, 2013). According to the Government of India (2013) the exports of September 2013 had a value of US $ 27679.33 million. The exports were higher than September 2012. The total value of exports between April-September 2013-14 was $ 152105.40. The value of the exports registered a growth of 5.14 per cent (Government of India, 2013).
The distribution channels and work conditions in India are diverse. The distribution channels of goods and services in the country include; people, transport vehicles, motorbikes and consumers. However, in the country the distribution channels are very poor. Goods and services often delay before they get to the consumer. Furthermore, most suppliers use traditional means of distribution that are very cumbersome. The working conditions in India are different from the western nations. The office hours in the country run from Monday to Saturday for 10 o’clock to 6 pm every day. The business practices, work culture depend on a region and the type of an organization that an individual works. Hierarchies are very important within the Indian culture and work environment. People from the western countries may perceive an employer’s attitude towards an employee as rude. However, it is a normal practice in India. The salaries offers are in lakhs. In addition, the salaries receive an increase at the rates of 12 and 14 percent per annum (Working Conditions and Distribution in India, 2013).
India is a nation that lies away from the rest of Asia and its climate is mainly tropical. The country is democratic and has a president as the head. The various branches of the government influence most operations in the country. India’s population is one of the largest in the world with 1,241,491,960 inhabitants. The nation’s economy has continually grown since 1996. The main challenge is the distribution channel and the work conditions in India.
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Becken, S. (2010). The Importance of Climate and Weather for Tourism. Warmer Temperatures. 5 (2). Pp 23
Biswas, S. (2012).BBC News India. Is bad politics ruining India. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-17537615 on October 9, 2013
Census of India. (2011). Government of India. Religion. Retrieved from http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_And_You/religion.aspx on October 9, 2013
Darlington, R. (2012). A short guide to the Indian political system. Retrieved from ahttp://www.rogerdarlington.me.uk/Indianpoliticalsystem.html on October 9, 2013
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Oracle ThinkQuest. (2013). Indian Languages. Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/11372/data/language.htm on October 9, 2013
Population of India 2013. (2013). Population of India 2013. Retrieved from http://www.populationofindia.info/ on October 9, 2013
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Working Conditions in India, (2013). Working conditions in India. Working customs, hours, salaries. Retrieved from http://www.justlanded.com/english/India/India-Guide/Jobs/Working-conditions/andDistributiomninIndia on October 9, 2013.
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