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Introduction

Internationally, governments work alongside private institutions in establishing measures that prevent or control disasters. Those disasters could be earthquakes, floods and volcanic eruptions and others. In particular, fire is one of the most common disasters that affect homes, and public institutions. A nightclub fire that occurred in America in the year 2003 was one of the most tragic in history. In this tragedy, one hundred people lost their lives, alongside destruction of property. According to the news agencies, a manager in a band meant to entertain revealers set off the fire. The manager set off a pyrotechnics igniting a fire that spread across walls and ceilings on the stage (Thomson Delmar Learning 2004). As it was alleged, the fire that started as a small flame engulfed the club in less than ten minutes.

According to Thomson Delmar Learning estimates, over two hundred people sustained injuries as they tried to escape. Investigators assert that the fire began few seconds before Great Whites first song. As indicated above, the fire caused by pyrotechnics. Entertainers use Pyrotechnics to generate controlled sparks, as a way of presenting a lively performance. Daniel Biechele, a band manager, made use of three garbs in setting up a fifteen feet spark. There is a version that one of the garbs was the main cause of fire. Initially, there was excitement as revealers treated the sparks a controlled performance by the band. A few seconds later, the band stopped performing as most band members headed towards the nearest exit (Klaene 2007). The sound of a fire alarm alerted all of a possible danger in the nightclub. The club had four fire exit routes, and everyone appeared headed towards the front door.

Hence, fire tragedies are unpredictable they require proper planning to prevent loss of lives or destruction of property. There are two main approaches in tackling fire tragedies, which include emergency response and fire prevention strategies, provided by certified fire fighting institutions. The emergency response involves immediate steps taken to put off fire prevent it from spreading to other areas. On the other hand, fire prevention involves measures taken to protect against possible occurrence of fire. In the United States, there are special professionals trained in fire fighting. For instance, an incident commander is in charge of emergency response, during fire accidents. The commander's responsibilities include management of all aspects of fire response operation. In addition, he coordinates available resources during fire fighting incidents (Hall 2009). More importantly, the commander comes up with priorities and heads the response team.

In essence, a fire fighting institution rarely appoints an incident commander. Qualified personnel upon arrival to a fire scene assume this role. However, the situation on a fire scene determines weather a fire incident commander is required. In particular, the incident commander appoints individuals from different agencies, in formation of a fire response team. Appointed individuals perform assigned duties within the duration of the fire. The duration taken to put out fire or prevent further spread referred to as the span of control (Klaene 2007). During this period, those involved in fire response devote their energies in control of fire, as they guard against the possibility of full brown inferno. There are other terms applied in fire fighting strategies. For instance, out of control implies a rapid spread of fire in absence of proper control measures.

Conclusion

As discussed above, the possibility of fire accidents at home or in work place are high. It is important to adopt fire prevention policies in a bid to prevent loss of lives and destruction of property. More importantly, it is important to learn basic fire management techniques. As indicated in our fire incident, lack of fire fighting techniques lead to loss of lives and property in the 2003 fire disaster.

References

Hall, R. (2009). Essentials of fire fighting. New York: Fire Protection Publications.

Klaene, B. (2007). Structural firefighting: Strategies and tactics. Jones and Bartlett Publishers

Thomson Delmar Learning (2004). The firefighter's handbook: Essentials of fire fighting and emergency response. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Publishers.