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          The production of energy is the backbone of industrial success in most countries. However, the ever increasing demand for energy in our homes and businesses has put a strain on our energy capacity leading to great financial loses. Therefore, energy conservation is an important aspect of business success that has been adopted by various organizations through the use of passive solar building designs and energy saving electronic appliances such as eco-lights. The conservation of energy, therefore, is not for its own sake but serves various advantages for both the home owners and other consumers of energy. These range from reduced expenditure on energy per home, to the reduced over illumination which has the potential of reducing cases of headaches, stress, and blood pressure (Lumina Technologies Inc., 1996). It is in regards that this paper shall focus on presenting a number of proposals on energy conservation techniques, with particular interest on renewable and non renewable sources.

Renewable versus Nonrenewable Energy Sources

          The concept of conservation highly depends on the kind of energy being used, whether it is renewable or non renewable. Renewable energy comes from natural resources such as rain, sunlight, tide, geothermal heat, and wind (Cassidy & Grossman, 1998). While these forms of energy cannot be exhausted, they also provide clean energy that helps in conserving the environment by limiting the use of fossil fuel. On the other hand, nonrenewable energy refers natural resources that cannot be grown, generated, produced, or used on a sustainable consumption rate (Cassidy & Grossman, 1998). These nonrenewable natural resources often exist in determined amounts and are normally used at a faster rate than they can be created by nature. They include petroleum, coal, uranium, and natural gas. The commercial use of nonrenewable energy sources surpasses the use of renewable sources (Lumina Technologies Inc., 1996). However, as at 2010, the use of renewable sources of energy was on the rise with a 19% increase in final global energy consumption.