A reaction paper is written by students to to express their thoughts and feelings about incidences or pieces of writing they have read. It involves discussing their reactions to an incident and write their reactions about it.A good reaction paper involves critical reading and critical thinking; identifying ideas in the content, the organization of the content and its purpose, analyzing the content and ideas then reacting by writing. It should contain a summary of the key ideas of the content with the writer stating their opinions with appropriate evidence and details, explanations and quotations. The writer must show that they have understood the text, then state clearly its strengths and weaknesses.

Writing a reaction paper involves a number of steps; the writer must know the theme of the author in the content, by identifying the main problem of the issue. The author's argument or point of view must be identified, that is the the chief claim of the author and what assumptions they have made in the content. The reaction paper writer must show the evidence the author of the content presents to support their arguments and assumptions.

After reading through the content, the writer then notes down in summary their feelings about the content, whether the content is well backed up by evidence. They should jot down whether they agree with the author or not. They should also state the gaps evident in the author's work and show how the authors arguments can be countered to fill these gaps. A draft of the summary follows to identify the author's thesis and its supporting ideas, which must involve the most important details only.

The writer then sets down to write their  reaction to the content, sharing their opinions and ideas by discussing in in-depth the content. The writer must use their own words to present their reaction, for instance they should paraphrase the changing the vocabulary used,the phrases and words used and in addition synthesize pieces of information. Words can be changed by use of synonyms, verbs  may be turned from active to passive and vice versa etc.

A reaction paper starts with the introductory paragraph, it should include the name of the content's author, the title of the content, the source of the content, the author's main idea, arguments and claims. It should also contain a brief and accurate summary of the content , then a thesis statement. The thesis statement states reflects the re viewer's, partial agreement, full agreement or disagreement with the content, and the content's evaluation.

The body of the paper should develop the thesis statement, it must explain the reviewer's opinion as it appears in the thesis statement. It contains the main controlling idea of the reaction paper and it must relate to the thesis statement. Sufficient details and examples and quotations from the content must be used to support the reviewer's arguments and ideas. Language used must be clear to the reader to ensure that the reader follows the line of argument logically, and it must be free from grammatical errors.

The conclusion should summarize the main ideas of the paper, it should also restate the thesis statement; to remind the reader the main topic of the paper. Proofreading must be done to make sure that the content is justified and credible. All questions raised must be answered.